Australia has been inhabited by Indigenous peoples (First Nation People) for over 60,000 years, as currently estimated. Perhaps much longer, as the First Nation People claim they were the first humans seeded on planet Earth.
Their myths, story telling and dreaming are full of legends of serpents and animals carving out and preparing the Earth for human habitation. These stories are evident in the abundant cave and rock art found scattered all over Australia.
The earliest human remains to be found so far are the Mungo Man and Mungo Lady, which have been dated at 50,000 years old. Genetic research is indicating that the Indigenous Australians have been here for over 80,000 to 125,000 years. That’s a lot of history in comparison to the White fella having only arrived in the late 1700’s.
Language amongst the various communities numbered over 250 different languages, cultures and traditions. Even though there are similarities between differing tribal areas, there are also vast differences.
Contrary to existing belief systems, the Indigenous population in Australia was not a purely forager and hunter-gatherer system. New evidence sheds light on massive grass plantations, harvested for their seeds, grains and stems. New settlers and explorers tell of grass fields as far as the eye can see, with deliberate harvesting stations and storage capabilities near by.
As well as farming on land, the Indigenous also created sophisticated river traps for catching fish, eels and other water creatures. Some of these constructions can still be seen today, even though the majority was wiped out by English colonisation as the new settlers introduced their cattle and sheep.